Old snowshoe

Photo: Roman Clara/Bolzano regional government
Photo: Roman Clara/Bolzano regional government

World oldest, dating late Neolithic age, between 3,800 and 3,700 BC (5,800 years ago). Discovered by chance in 2003 at an altitude of 3,134 metres (10,280ft) on the Gurgler Eisjoch glacier… by an eminent dotore of Italy’s Istituto Geografico Militare. Just 500 years older than “Ötzi“, whose body was found not far away, according to “officials at a Bolzano (ITA) conference, it belongs to Otzi’s grandad

    Let’s be technical here a few seconds here:

  • Ötzi was found on 19 September 1991 “at 3210 m above sea level near Tisenjoch/Giogo di Tisa in the Schnalstal/Val Senales Valley” (according to South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano), on the Hauslabjoch (according to Wikipedia), “between Fineilspitze and Similaun in the Ötztal Alps” (Wikipedia). There is a memorial (detail) is located nearby (well, this is crowbased data, so YMMV: someone pointed out that the geodata for the detail picture is falsh). OSM data (sic) shows the “exact location” (exakte Ötzi-Fundstelle) where the body was discovered at 46.7793692/10.8404561. This is consitent with the other geographical reference used when relating to the area of the discovery : Finailspitze (sometimes spelled Fineilspitze, in Italian: Punte de Finaile), 3514m, is the nearest summit to the West and ‪(Kleiner) Similaun‬, 3363m, the nearest to the East. A mountain lodge called ‪Rifugio Similaun‬ (German: Similaunhütte) is located between the monument and Similaun, and Hauslabjoch is symmetrically located between the monument and Fineilspitze.
  • The snowshoe was found “near a pass on Gurgler Eisjoch glacier” – not sure where the glacier is, but OSM geodata for the Gurgler Eisjoch‬ pass has 46.7687911/11.0048965 for coordinates, with an altitude of 3134m

Both locations are not far from the Ötztaler Hauptkamm, a very high mountain range, one of the few things in the area which are in the same place since 3,800 BC and currently marking the border between the present states of Italy and Österreich (“Eastern Empire”, Austria). Using Andrew Hedges‘ JavaScript page based on the Haversine Formula (details and other calculator here), we compute the distance to be 12.58 km (Ötzi being West, and snowshoe East). So, yes, not very far. I would say 2 days away (walking). A few minutes in helicopter, weather (an pilot nerves) permitting, of course.

News on Bolzano’s “Iceman” museum website. The initial source (other than Bolzano’s museum piece, but as the pres conference was suposedly in bolzano, I believe they knew all about it, no?) is an article in The Telegraph (September 12, 2016): World’s oldest snowshoe found on a glacier in Italy’s Dolomites. But I like this one better: Shoe that lay in prof’s office is nearly 6,000 years old.
Question, why is The Telegram the unique single source? After all it is the newspaper who published “Oetzi the Iceman may have been ceremonially buried” (signed by Nick Squires, 26 Aug 2010). Much more interesting than:

The copper used to make Ötzi’s axe blade did not come from the Alpine region as had previously been supposed, but from ore mined in southern Tuscany. Ötzi was probably not involved in working the metal himself, as the high levels of arsenic and copper found in his hair had, until now, led us to assume. His murder over 5,000 years ago seems to have been brought about due to a personal conflict a few days before his demise, and the man from the ice, despite his normal weight and active life-style, suffered from extensive vascular calcification.

From South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano: Ötzi – a treacherous murder – with links to Central Italy


[On] February 27th, 2010, (…) in Constitución, Chile (…) a magnitude of 8.8 (…) quake and the tsunami it produced completely crushed the town. By the time it was over, more than 500 people were dead, and about 80% of the Constitución’s buildings were ruined.
As part of the relief effort, an architecture firm called Elemental was hired to create a master plan for the city, which included new housing for people displaced in the disaster. But the structures that Elemental delivered were a radical and controversial approach toward housing.
They gave people half of a house. (…)
The approach has its roots in a building methodology made popular by the 1972 essay, “Housing is a Verb,” by architect John F.C. Turner. Turner made the case that housing ought not be a static unit that is packaged and handed over to people. Rather, housing should be conceived of as an ongoing project wherein residents are co-creators.

From: Half a House – 99% Invisible
As pointed out by Jason Kottke, “they’ve built How Buildings Learn into the process of home ownership”. More posts related to HBL.


La tempête (1810?) – Auteur anonyme

Je m’en vais de par la ville,
Pour y faire mes adieux ;
Mes adieux à toutes les filles
Qui ont pour moi les larmes aux yeux,
Ainsi qu’à ma bonne amie
Qui pleure pour son amoureux.

Nous sommes cinq frères sous les armes,
Tous les cinq bien distingués :
Brise Barrière et Tranche Montagne,
Traverse Murs et Sans Quartier !
Et moi qui me nomme La Tempête,
Je suis partout renommé.

Mon grand-père était gendarme,
Mon père était lieutenant.
J’ai deux frères dans l’avant-garde,
Les deux autres sont au Piémont ;
Et moi qui me nomme La Tempête,
Je suis chasseur de renom.

Nous aurons pour récompense
Quelque boulet de canon
Qui nous brisera les membres
Et nous mettra sans façon
Par derrière nos tranchées :
Nous servirons de gazon.

Nous aurons pour récompense
Quelque boulet de canon
Qui nous brisera la tête :
Morts de mauvaise façon !

Une de ces chansons qui se retrouve aussi bien dans les milieux anarchistes ou anti-militariste que sur les CD de promos de saint Cyr!

Ours des Pyrénééées

  • nounours09: Cet inconnu – il n’y a que sur PT qu’on peut parler d’Ours sans s’eng…
  • Le camembert de l’Ours (meilleur que le vray camenbair des zalpes) – un article du site (belge!) La Buvette des Alpages, “L’actualité des brebis et de tout ce qui tourne autour” un site qui parle de la sauvegarde de l’ours des Pyrénées, de la cohabitation entre le pastoralisme et les prédateurs, de la faune de montagne et de l’environnement.
  • L’Ours des Pyrénées, entre mythe et réalité (Association Patrimoine Seixois)
  • Les Territoires du Patrimoine, Réinvention du «terroir» et politiques de patrimonialisation en Couserans, Arnauld Chandivert, Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Comparatives en Ethnologie – CERCE, université Paul Valéry, Montpellier, Mars 2007
  • http://p9.storage.canalblog.com/93/60/201070/93474968.jpg

    Rotate EXIF

    (Drawing by Calvin Hass, published on his page: JPEG Rotation and EXIF Orientation)

    Solution: exiftran.

    To autorotate all jpeg files in the current directory:
    exiftran -ai *.jpeg


    I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts I went to the woods (sea) because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.

    – Henry David Thoreau


    Why I think Tesla is building throwaway cars, by Russell “Syonyk” Graves.
    Tesla is inventing everywhere. And letting owners tinker with their cars as you do with your VW Type 1 is a no go.
    You get what you pay for. You can’t have both warranty and servicing (with the implied promise that your car will always be as good as advertized) and the ability to DIY for cheap. Because a Tesla (and more and more products which interact with a central system) is not a stand-alone device but a terminal.
    Of course you can still tinker with your Tesla (there is possibly some legal technicalities here). However, you won’t have any warranty, and the parts that rely on the central system wont work. Which, incidentally, mean that the whole car wont work.
    Even thought the purpose of government is the protection of property, and if you can’t fix it you don’t own it. If you don’t like it, don’t buy a Tesla. Or wait a hundred years.


    5. You no longer need to carry a translation app on your phone. If there’s someone to speak with, they’ll have one on theirs.
    7. A white male travelling alone in interesting places, will always need to disprove they are a spy. Thanks Hollywood.
    8. It is easier to deflect demands for a bribe when your paperwork is in order.
    9. The art of successful borderland travel is to know when to pass through (and be seen by) army checkpoints and when to avoid them.
    10. Borders are permeable.
    11. There are parts of the world where empires go to be bloodied and die.
    15. Everything is fine, until that exact moment when it’s obviously not. It is easy to massively over/under estimate risk based on current contextual conditions. Historical data provides some perspective, but it usually comes down to your ability to read undercurrents, which in turn comes down to having built a sufficiently trusted relationship with people within those currents.
    20. When a fixed price culture meets a negotiation culture, fun ensues.
    40. In order to size up the tribe/sub-tribe you’re part of, any group of young males will first look at the shoes on your feet.
    50. The first time you confront a leader, never do it in front of their followers, they’ll have no way to back down.
    56. To what extent does cultural continuity, and societal harmony comes from three generations under one roof?

    61 Glimpses of the Future (via Kottke)

    9 Principles

    1. To prevent crime and disorder, as an alternative to their repression by military force and severity of legal punishment.
    2. To recognise always that the power of the police to fulfil their functions and duties is dependent on public approval of their existence, actions and behaviour and on their ability to secure and maintain public respect.
    3. To recognise always that to secure and maintain the respect and approval of the public means also the securing of the willing co-operation of the public in the task of securing observance of laws.
    4. To recognise always that the extent to which the co-operation of the public can be secured diminishes proportionately the necessity of the use of physical force and compulsion for achieving police objectives.
    5. To seek and preserve public favour, not by pandering to public opinion; but by constantly demonstrating absolutely impartial service to law, in complete independence of policy, and without regard to the justice or injustice of the substance of individual laws, by ready offering of individual service and friendship to all members of the public without regard to their wealth or social standing, by ready exercise of courtesy and friendly good humour; and by ready offering of individual sacrifice in protecting and preserving life.
    6. To use physical force only when the exercise of persuasion, advice and warning is found to be insufficient to obtain public co-operation to an extent necessary to secure observance of law or to restore order, and to use only the minimum degree of physical force which is necessary on any particular occasion for achieving a police objective.
    7. To maintain at all times a relationship with the public that gives reality to the historic tradition that the police are the public and that the public are the police, the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full time attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the interests of community welfare and existence.
    8. To recognise always the need for strict adherence to police-executive functions, and to refrain from even seeming to usurp the powers of the judiciary of avenging individuals or the State, and of authoritatively judging guilt and punishing the guilty.
    9. To recognise always that the test of police efficiency is the absence of crime and disorder, and not the visible evidence of police action in dealing with them.

    Definition of policing by consentvia